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  State Profile


Geographic Location :

Uttarakhand, the 27th state of the Republic of India and was carved out of Uttar Pradesh on 9th Nov 2000. Uttarakhand is one of the states of India having total area of 53,483 sq km. currently density per sq. km in Uttarakhand is 189 per Sq.km which stand less than national average density of India currently being at 382. If measurement is shifted from Kilometer to Mile, Uttarakhand’s total area becomes 20,650 Sq mi having density of approximately 490 per Sq mi.

There are 13 districts in Uttarakhand which are grouped into two divisions— Kumaun and Garhwal.

The Kumaun division includes six and Garhwal division includes seven districts. Details of the division-wise numbers of districts in the State are presented in the matrix ahead—

Kumaun Division Garhwal Division
Almora Dehradun
Bageshwar Haridwar
Champawat Tehri Garhwal
Nainital Uttarkashi
Pithoragarh Chamoli
Udham Singh Nagar Pauri Garhwal
Rudraprayag
State has 13 districts in total in both the Garhwal and Kumaun Region

Out of the 13 districts of the State, 3 are plain districts and the remaining 10 are hill districts. Geographically the state can broadly be divided into three zones, namely—

1. Upper hills— Uttarkashi, Chamoli, Rudraprayag, Pithoragarh and Bageshwar
2. Middle hills — Tehri-Garhwal, Garhwal, Almora, and Champawat, the hill regions of Nainital and Chakrata tehsil of Dehradun
3. Foothills —The remaining area of Dehradun, Haridwar, Udham Singh Nagar and the remaining area of Nainital

Table: S.1: State Profile

S.No. Background Characteristics State
Number
1- Geographic Area (in Sq. kms) 53,484 sq. kms
2- Number of blocks 95
3- Size of Villages (2011 Census)
 

Number of villages
• 1-500
• 501-2000
• 2001-5000
• 5000+

16826
• 13460 (80 %)
• 2679 (17%)
• 426 (2.7 %)
• NIL
4-

Number of towns

31
5-

Total Population (2011) 1,01,16,752
• Male 5,154,178
• Female 4,962,574,

1,01,16,752
• 5,154,178
• 4,962,574,
6-

Sex Ratio (F/M*1000)

  Population Sex Ratio 963
  Child Sex Ratio 886
7- Decadal growth rate 19.17
8- Density- per sq. km. 189
9- Literacy Rate (+6 Pop) 79.63%
  • Male
• Female
• 88.33%
• 70.70%
10- % SC/ST population
  • SC 15.17
  • ST 2.56

Socio-Demographic Profile of the State :

According 2011 Census of India, Uttarakhand’s population has reached approximately 1.01 Crore with an increase of 19.17 percent from the past decade. Uttarakhand feeds approximately 0.84% of India’s total population.
As per census report of Uttarakhand, the total population of the State is 10,116,752; of which male and female are 5,154,178 and 4,962,574, respectively which has increased from 84,89,349, the total population of the state as per Census 2001 where 43,25,924 were males and 41,63,425 were females.

With regards to Sex Ratio, the state has demonstrated that it has the better indicators than the national averages. As per Census 2011, Uttarakhand’s Sex Ratio stands out at 963 which was at 962 in 2001 census and fares better as compared to average sex ratio of India (940) but the child sex ratio (886) of Uttrakahnd remains a matter of concern and needs immediate enforcement of PC&PNDT Act in full force along with behaviour change communications to stop female foeticide.

As per preliminary report of Census 2011, Uttarakhand has literacy rate of 79.63% which is above the national average of 74.04%. Total 6,997,433 people were found literate in Uttarakhand during the last Census, out of the total literate population, 3,930,174 were males with a percentage of 88.33 while remaining 3,067,259 were female with 70.70 percent. These averages of literacy in overall and among male and female have increased since Census 2001, where the male and female literacy rates were recorded as 81.02% and 63.36% respectively.

The population of the districts in Uttarakhand varies considerably. Four of the 13 districts, namely Dehradun, Haridwar, Udham Singh Nagar and Nainital account for 61.5 % of the state’s total population. On adding Tehri Garhwal, Pauri Garhwal and Almora, this accounts for nearly 81%. This clearly shows that the concentration of population is quite high in the mid and foothills as compared to the remaining six districts of high hills.

The density of population according to the 2011 census is 189 persons per square kilometre, higher than the 2001 census figure of 150. District-wise, there is enormous variation in the density of population with Haridwar, US Nagar and Dehradun having a high density of 817, 648, and 550 persons per square km respectively; while on the other hand there are districts like Uttarkashi, Chamoli and Pithoragarh the population density is quite low with average of 41, 49, and 69 persons per square km.

Table S.1: Socio Demographic Profile of Uttarakhand

District Total Population (Census 2011)  % of Population  Sex Ratio
Uttarkashi 329686 3.26% 959
Chamoli 391114 3.87% 1021
Rudraprayag 236857 2.34% 1120
Tehri Garhwal 616409 6.09% 1078
Dehradun 1698560 16.79% 902
Pauri Garhwal 686527 6.79% 1103
Pithoragarh 485993 4.80% 1021
Bageshwar 259840 6.15% 1093
Almora 621927 6.15% 1142
Champawat 259315 2.56% 981
Nainital 955128 9.44% 933
Udham Singh Nagar 1648367 16.29% 919
Haridwar 1927029 19.05% 879
UTTARAKHAND 1011675 963

Uttarakhand is a predominantly rural state with 16,826 rural settlements, of which 12,699 or 81% have a population of less than 500. In most of the districts, more than 75-85 % of rural settlements have a population of less than 500. Only 17 % of the rural settlements have a population ranging between 500-1999 and the villages with population of 2000 or more are very rare (2.7 %). The small size of settlements and their widespread distribution is a formidable challenge for service delivery in the state of Uttarakhand with such a high percentage of small and scattered hamlets mainly in the tough geographic conditions.

Table S.2: Sizes of the Villages

Districts Villages with Pop. Villages with Pop. 501-2000 (%) Villages with Pop. >2000 (%)
Uttarkashi 75.7 23.2 1.1
Chamoli 85.2 14.6 0.2
Pithoragarh 87.9 11.5 0.6
Rudraprayag 8.8 20.8 0.4
Tehri 82.4 17.3 0.3
Garhwal 94.6 4.9 0.5
Almora 86.7 13.2 0.1
Bageshwar 86 13.5 0.5
Champawat 84.8 14.3 0.9
Dehradun 76.9 24.3 8.8
Nainital 75.3 23.2 1.5
US Nagar 30.6 52.1 17.3
Haridwar 19.2 45.9 34.9

District-wise Report

Dehradun
Rudraprayag
Almora
Pauri
Nainital
Chamoli
Tehri
Uttarakashi
Pithoragarh
Haridwar
Udhamsingh Nagar
Champawat
Bageshwar
 
 
 

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